Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. , International Union for Conservation of Nature, African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "New species of lemur discovered in Madagascar", "New lemur: big feet, long tongue and the size of squirrel", "Estimating the phylogeny and divergence times of primates using a supermatrix approach", "Giant rabbits, marmosets, and British comedies: etymology of lemur names, part 1", "Seeing the wood through the trees: The current state of higher systematics in the Strepsirhini", "Primate jumping genes elucidate strepsirrhine phylogeny", Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, "Concatenation and concordance in the reconstruction of mouse lemur phylogeny: An empirical demonstration of the effect of allele sampling in phylogenetics", Plate with skull used by Blainville, 1839, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fork-marked_lemur&oldid=995982485, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:25. Family: Cheirogaleidae. averaged 27.2 ±0.4 cm in head-body length; 34.4 ±0.2 cm in tail length, and 387 ±35 g in weight. The aye-aye, mouse lemurs, woolly lemurs, and sportive lemurs are nocturnal, while ring-tailed lemurs and most of their kin, sifakas, and indri are diurnal. Fork-marked lemurs either consume the gum as it seeps from cracks in the bark of parasitized trees or gouge open the bark with their toothcomb to scoop it up directly with their long tongue. Their diet consists primarily of tree gum and other exudates, though they may obtain some of their protein and nitrogen by hunting small arthropods later at night. Their face and stripe actually reminds me of slow lorises. Scientific Collections ... Name Homonyms Phaner furcifer (de Blainville, 1839) Common names ... Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur in English Masoala Fork-marked Lemur in English Masoala Fork-marked Lemur in English fork-marked lemur in English Bibliographic References. It is found in the Afrotropics. Although it is best to organise a visit to the reserve in Diego Suarez, guides and porters can alternatively be found in Menagisy, a village next to the reserve.. The average size of a female territory is 4 hectares (9.9 acres) with a male territory averaging 3.8 hectares (9.4 acres). The Pale Fork-marked Lemur is an arboreal, nocturnal primate, that lives in the dry wes tern forests of. HABITAT: rainforest. The collection grows regularly with specimens collected during scientific expeditions and animals from zoological parks (Zoo de Vincennes, Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes, Parc de la Haute-Touche) or care centers. Like the other members of their family, they are nocturnal, and sleep in tree holes and nests during the day. , Of the mostly small, nocturnal lemurs in family Cheirogaleidae, the genus Phaner contains some of the largest species, along with Cheirogaleus. Black lemur ... Gray mouse lemur.  Only the pale fork-marked lemur (P. pallescens) has been studied relatively well, primarily by Pierre Charles-Dominique, Jean-Jacques Petter, and Georges Pariente during two expeditions in the 1970s and a more extensive 1998 study in Kirindy Forest. The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is a lairge strepsirrhine primate an the maist recognised lemur due tae its lang, black an white ringed tail. , Males have relatively small testes compared to other lemurs, and their canine teeth are the same size as those seen in females. Discover How Long Eastern lesser bamboo lemur Lives. Filter by field site . Three of the four species are endangered and the other is listed as vulnerable. Family Cheirogaleidae consists of the mouse lemurs (smallest of all primates), the dwarf lemurs, and the fork-marked lemurs and their allies. This remains in the nesting hole of the parents at first, but as it gets older it is carried by the mother, clinging to her underside, and when it gets larger, to her back. , To meet their protein requirements and obtain nitrogen, these lemurs also hunt small arthropods. , Males and females have been seen sleeping and foraging together as monogamous pairs, although polygamy and solitary behavior has also been observed. Animalia: information (1)Animalia: pictures (20673)Animalia: specimens (7109)Animalia: sounds (722)Animalia: maps (42) PhylumChordatachordates. Family: Cheirogaleidae. Scientific Name: Varecia variegata. Fork-marked lemurs are among the least studied of all lemurs and are some of the largest members of the family Cheirogaleidae, weighing around 350 grams (12 oz) or more. Like all lemurs, they are protected against commercial trade under CITES Appendix I. Fork-marked lemurs were first documented in 1839 by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville when he described the Masoala fork-marked lemur (P. furcifer) as Lemur furcifer. The “ true lemurs” (family Lemuridae) include five genera and about 20 species. Like most lemuriform primates, it has a toothcomb; in Phaner species, the toothcomb has evolved to be more robust and is used to scrape the gum that exudes from holes on a tree made by insects. Scientific Name: Lemur catta. Filter by scientific name . There are 37 extant species.  In 2001, Groves elevated all four subspecies to species status based on noticeable color, size, and body proportion differences between the fragmented populations. KingdomAnimaliaanimals. , Fork-marked lemurs were called "fork-marked dwarf lemurs" by Henry Ogg Forbes in 1894 and "fork-crowned mouse lemur" by English missionary and naturalist James Sibree in 1895. , Other nocturnal lemurs are sympatric with fork-marked lemurs.  If correct, this would make the family Cheirogaleidae paraphyletic. The gray mouse lemur is one of as many as 21 tiny, nocturnal mouse lemur species.  Territory overlap is minimal between males, and the same pattern is seen in females, though males and females may overlap their territories. Since the genera Mirza (giant mouse lemurs) and Azema (for M. rufus, now a synonym for Microcebus) were both described in the same publication and equally enigmatic, the authors concluded that Gray had seen the comedy and then based the names of three lemur genera on its characters. (unpubl.) Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References; Allocebus trichotis: Hairy-eared dwarf lemur: 1875, Günther: Fork-marked lemurs or fork-crowned lemurs are strepsirrhine primates; the four species comprise the genus Phaner. Like all lemurs, they are native to Madagascar, where they are found only in the west, north, and east sides of the island. Fork-marked lemur-Wikipedia.  During social grooming (allogrooming), the male allomarks females using a scent gland on the throat, and grooming sessions can last several minutes.  Studies of P. pallescens at Kirindy Forest found up to a 20% drop in body mass during the dry season despite no changes in exudate production, indicating flowers and insects have a significant impact on the species' health. Measures of their population density vary widely, from 50 to 550 individuals per square kilometer (250 acres), but these numbers are thought to reflect only small, gum-rich areas, and therefore only small, clustered populations with an overall low population density. A large cutaneous gland on the throat of the male is used during social grooming when males, females and juveniles groom each other, and the male may rub the gland on the female. Because of their fast movement, individuals can easily defend their territories by traversing it within 5 minutes. MORE IN LEMUR CATEGORY.  The offspring may remain under the care of their parents for three years or more, and there is no information about their dispersal at maturity. The animal's faeces are invariably found to contain fragments of insect chitin.  Unlike other lemurs, fork-marked lemurs do not scent-mark, and instead use vocalizations during territorial confrontations. (unpubl.) ... ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Guides and entrance fees. pale fork-marked lemur | western fork-marked lemur Germany Vernacular Name: Westlicher Gabelstreifenmaki electromontis). Red Brown Lemur. For a species profile, click on its scientific name.  Their body weight ranges between 350 and 500 g (0.77 and 1.10 lb), and their head-body length averages between 23.7 and 27.2 cm (9.3 and 10.7 in), with a tail length between 31.9 and 40.1 cm (12.6 and 15.8 in). Not all individuals have the same black and white markings, but their hands, feet, tails, faces and heads are typically black, with a distinctive white ruff around their necks. In the early 1930s, Ernst Schwarz, Guillaume Grandidier, and others resurrected the name, citing characteristics that were intermediate between Cheirogaleus and Microcebus. , Fork-marked lemurs are among the least studied of all lemurs, and little is known about them. It has become specialized for harvesting this substance. Discover How Long Gray mouse lemur Lives ... Common Name: Gray mouse lemur. The head-and-body length is in the range 227 to 285 mm (9 to 11 in), with a tail of 285 to 370 mm (11 to 15 in). In 1904, Theodore Sherman Palmer attempted to document the etymologies of all mammalian taxa, but could not definitively explain the origins of the generic name Phaner, noting only that it derived from the Greek φανερός (phaneros) meaning "visible, evident".  They are considered very vocal animals, and have a complex range of calls. It is a small nocturnal animal with large eyes, greyish fur and a long tail. Its body plus head length measures 23 to 29 cm, and the tail is 29 to 36 cm long. , This species is nocturnal and has a territory containing about three exclusive Terminalia trees and access to about nine more in overlapping territories.  On average, males make approximately 30 loud calls per hour, and are most vocal at dusk and dawn. They are named for the two black stripes which run up from the eyes, converge on the top of the head, and run down the back as a single black stripe. Genus Phaner fork-marked lemur. The pale fork-marked lemur ( Phaner pallescens ), or western fork-marked lemur, is known from western Madagascar; south of the Fiherenana River to the region of Soalala. , This lemur is endemic to northeastern Madagascar. Malagasy: Tanta. , Gum is low in nitrogen content, and the Masoala fork-marked lemur needs to supplement its diet with animal prey, which it stalks on the tree bark and among the foliage, catching it with its hands and stuffing it into its mouth. The same Terminalia trees are exploited by day by a bird, the crested coua (Coua cristata), which also feeds on gum. Competition with other cheirogaleids, such as the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) and Coquerel's giant mouse lemur (Mirza coquereli), is most intense for Terminalia gum during the dry season, but fork-marked lemurs always drive the other lemur species off. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur Discover How Long Sahafary Sportive Lemur Lives ... Scientific Name: Lepilemur septentrionalis. For gripping tree trunks and large branches, they have large hands and feet with extended pads on the digits, as well as claw-like nails. Discover How Long Sahafary Sportive Lemur Lives. Discover How Long Brown lemur Lives. Red-fronted lemur Verreaux's sifaka Red-tailed sportive lemur Western fat-tailed dwarf lemur Coquerel's dwarf lemur Gray Mouse lemur Madame Berthe's mouse lemur Fork-marked lemur Fossa Narrow-striped mongoose White-breasted mesite The Fork-marked Lemur (Phaner furcifer) is another endangered lemur species found within the humid forests of eastern Madagascar and in the dry temperate forests of the west. For a species profile, click on its scientific name.  Before this assessment, it was assumed that their population was in decline due to habitat destruction for the creation of pasture and agriculture. Filter by malagasy name . Females also make a "bleating" call when they have infants. Before this assessment, it was assumed that their population was in decline due to habitat destruction for the creation of pasture and agriculture. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Although Tattersall disagreed with this promotion, citing inadequate information for the decision, the arrangement is generally accepted. 1985. Suborder: Strepsirrhini. There are no published body measurements available for this species, but three animals from Montagne d’Ambre (one male and two females) measured by E. E. Louis Jr.  Their upper first incisor (I1) is long and curved towards the middle of the mouth (unique among lemurs), while the second upper incisor (I2) is small with a gap (diastema) between the two. This lemur typically weighs between 300 and 500 g (11 and 18 oz). , Fork-marked lemurs are found in the west, north, and east of Madagascar, but their distribution is discontinuous. The Masoala fork-marked lemur (Phaner furcifer), also known as the eastern fork-marked lemur or Masoala fork-crowned lemur, is a species of lemur found in the coastal forests of northeastern Madagascar. The first two upper molars (M1–2) have a developed hypocone, and the buccal cingulum (a crest or ridge on the cheek side) is well developed on all three upper molars. Cold temperatures can also cause individuals to retire to their sleeping site as early as two hours before dawn. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur in English Bibliographic References Red-bellied lemur. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION  As well as their stress call and fighting call, they emit a Hon call (contact call between male-female pairs), Ki and Kiu calls (more excited contact calls that identify the caller), and a Kea call (a loud call shared between males in adjacent territories). , Fork-marked lemurs' dorsal (back) fur is either light brown or light grayish-brown, while their ventral (underside) fur can be yellow, cream, white, or pale brown.  The rest of the pelage is some shade of reddish or brownish grey. Animalia: information (1)Animalia: pictures (20673)Animalia: specimens (7109)Animalia: sounds (722)Animalia: maps (42) PhylumChordatachordates. Discover How Long Gray mouse lemur Lives. Reproduction is dioecious.  Only one infant is born per season, despite females having two pairs of nipples.  They are not known to estivate or accumulate fat reserves for the dry season. Category: Lemur.  Fork-marked lemurs are not found in the southern spiny forests in the dry southern part of the island, and only recently have been reported from the southeastern rainforest at Andohahela National Park, though this has not been confirmed. , These lemurs have relatively long hindlegs. Common Name: Masoala Fork-marked Lemur. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur in English Mt. The comedy featured characters bearing three names: King Phanor (sic), Mirza, and Azema.  The favoured food sources are trees in the genus Terminalia, but certain other tree species also provide gum, including Adansonia spp., and the buds of Zanthoxylum tsihanimposa. As many as 30 sleeping sites may be used over the course of a year, each for a variable length of time. As their name suggests, black-and-white ruffed lemurs have black and white bodies. Forked-marked lemurs belong to the genus, or group of species, called Phaner. The fork-crowned lemur, or fork-marked lemur is from the family, Cheriogaleidae, containing the various dwarf and mouse lemurs all found in Madagascar. Phaner electromontis is a light gray species of fork-marked lemur. The two cusps on the last upper premolar (P4) are a large paracone and a smaller protocone. In October, a specimen was observed, captured, and released, although genetic tests have yet to determine if it is a new species. Phaner electromontis (Amber Mountain Fork Marked Lemur) is a species of primates in the family Cheirogaleidae. Females have a narrow, bare patch of white skin in the same location, but theirs does not appear to produce secretions.  In 1870, John Edward Gray assigned fork-marked lemurs to their own genus, Phaner, after initially including them and the mouse lemurs in the genus Lepilemur (sportive lemurs). Fork-marked lemurs or fork-crowned lemurs are strepsirrhine primates; the four species comprise the genus Phaner. Family: Cheirogaleidae. green = P. pallescens The fork-marked dwarf lemur (P. furcifer) is about the same size as the greater dwarf lemur (C. major) and somewhat larger than the fat-tailed dwarf lemur (C. medius). Category: Lemur. Red Ruffed Lemur.  The female comes into estrus for three to four days in June, giving birth to a single offspring in November or December.  The exudates of several tree species they are known to feed on are high in protein, so some fork-marked lemurs may meet their protein requirements without preying on insects. Red Brown Lemur. d Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur in English Mt. The pale fork-marked lemur (Phaner pallescens), or western fork-marked lemur, is known from western Madagascar; south of the Fiherenana River to the region of Soalala. , Until the late 20th century, there was only one recognized species of fork-marked lemur, although size and coloration differences had been noted previously. Fork-marked lemurs are rarely kept in captivity, and their captive lifespan can range from 12 to 25 years. Aye-aye. , Within the family Cheirogaleidae, fork-marked lemurs are the most phylogenetically distinct, although their placement remained uncertain until recently. Phaner Gray, 1870 – fork-marked lemurs : Direct Children: Species: Phaner electromontis Groves and Tattersall, 1991 – Montagne d'Ambre Fork-marked Lemur, Mt. , As with all lemurs, fork-marked lemurs were first protected in 1969 when they were listed as "Class A" of the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Scientific name: Common name Mirza coquereli: Coquerel’s giant mouse lemur: Mirza zaza: Northern giant mouse lemur: Phaner pallescens: Pale fork-marked lemur: Phaner parienti: Sambirano fork-marked lemur: Phaner electromontis: Montagne d’Ambre fork-marked lemur: Lepilemur betsileo: Betsileo sportive lemur: Lepilemur microdon: The dorsal stripe varies in width and darkness. This structure consists of a row of lower incisors that are long and forward pointing. Following the call. COMMON NAME: Eastern Fork-Marked Lemur. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and ... Eastern fork-marked lemur. Although French naturalist Alfred Grandidier accepted Gray's new genus (while also lumping the other cheirogaleids in Cheirogaleus and illustrating the cranial similarities between cheirogaleids and Lepilemur) in 1897, the genus Phaner was not widely accepted.  The next upper premolar (P3) is very small, with a single, pointed cusp that contacts the lingual cingulum (a crest or ridge on the tongue side), which circles the base of the tooth. Only one species (Phaner furcifer) was recognized, until three subspecies described in 1991 were promoted to species status in 2001. They include the smallest primate in the world, Madame Berthe's mouse lemur, which weighs 30 gra The Masoala fork-marked lemur has become specialized for harvesting this substance.  Diurnal raptors, such as the Madagascar buzzard (Buteo brachypterus) and Madagascar cuckoo-hawk (Aviceda madagascariensis) hunt these lemurs at dusk, and the hunting behavior of the Madagascar harrier-hawk (Polyboroides radiatus) suggests it might extract them from their sleeping holes. Only the pale fork-marked lemur (P. pallescens) has been studied relatively well, primarily by Pierre Charles-Dominique, Jean-Jacques Petter, and Georges Pariente during two expeditions in the 1970s and a more extensive 1998 study in Kirindy Forest.  A black stripe extends from the tail, along the dorsal midline to the head, where it forks at the top of the head in a distinguishing Y-shape leading to the dark rings around both eyes, and sometimes extends down the snout. In 2012, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed P. parienti, P. electromontis, and P. pallescens as endangered, and P. furcifer as vulnerable. The best known of these is the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), commonly seen in zoos. , CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Masoala_fork-marked_lemur&oldid=967158940, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 July 2020, at 13:54. Discover How Long Eastern lesser bamboo lemur Lives ... Scientific Name: Hapalemur griseus. 2008). Males have a scent gland on their throat, but only use it during social grooming, not for marking territory.  While running, they can leap 4 to 5 m (13 to 16 ft) horizontally between tree branches without losing height or as much as 10 m (33 ft) while falling a short distance. Scientific Name: Phaner furcifer. Hunting takes place late in the night when the main gum-gathering activities are over. Phaner: pictures (1) Related Taxa. Red Brown Lemur. N° Scientific Name Malagasy Name English Name French Name Status Elev.  The upper canines are large, with their tips curved. The Indri lemur (scientific name Indri indri) is the largest of the lemurs and is the only lemur with green eyes and no tail.  Analyses based on morphology, immunology, and repetitive DNA have given contradictory placements of Phaner, while studies in 2001 and 2008 either lacked data or yielded poor resolution of their placement. Phaner Gray, 1870 – fork-marked lemurs : Direct Children: Species: Phaner electromontis Groves and Tattersall, 1991 – Montagne d'Ambre Fork-marked Lemur, Mt. It is listed on CITES Appendix I.  The molars are relatively small compared to other cheirogaleids, with the second upper and lower molars (M2 and M2) having reduced functionality compared to those of mouse lemurs. Fork-marked lemurs are … Meaning of Fork-marked lemur. The Amber Mountain fork-marked lemur ( Phaner electromontis ), also known as the Montagne d'Ambre fork-crowned lemur or Tanta, is a small primate, and like the other lemurs, can only be found on the island of Madagascar.  One uniting characteristic (synapomorphy) among all cheirogaleids, to the exclusion of other lemurs, is the branching of the carotid artery along with how it enters the skull—a trait which is shared by fork-marked lemurs. They get their name from the dark stripe that runs from their back and forks on their head to their eyes. Females are thought to have only one offspring every two years or more. The animal emerges at dusk from its sleeping hole in a large tree such as a baobab, or the abandoned nest of a Coquerel's giant mouse lemur (Mirza coquereli), moving directly to each Terminalia tree in turn, feeding on the gum and moving on to the next tree.  Nest sharing among pairs occurs one out of every three days. It occurs in moist lowland forests. Filter by german name . Discover How Long Black-and-white ruffed lemur Lives. Following some initial speculation, a search of the general literature published around 1870 revealed the source: the British comedy The Palace of Truth by W. S. Gilbert, which premiered in London on 19 November 1870, nearly one and a half weeks prior to the date written on the preface of Gray's manuscript (also published in London). Insects are captured by rapidly grasping them with the hands, a stereotypic behavior seen in other members of their family, as well as galagos. It has a complex itinerary which it regularly follows, and later in the night it visits other less-favoured gum-sources and returns to the previously visited trees and gleans any gum it has missed. Order: Primates. KingdomAnimaliaanimals. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur : Species: Phaner furcifer (de Blainville, 1839) – fork-marked lemur, Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur, Masoala Fork-marked Lemur The pale fork-marked lemur is patchily distributed along a narrow strip of western Madagascar forests from just south of the Fiherenana River, including the Forêts de Mikea (Ganzhorn and Randriamanalina, 2004), north as far as Soalala (Groves and Tattersall, 1991), and it … purple = P. parienti P. furcifer is a specialist feeder on the gum that exudes from insect holes on the surface of certain trees, but it supplements its gum diet with insect prey. New species may yet be identified, particularly in northeast Madagascar. It is listed on CITES Appendix I. The office of the Analamerana Special Reserve is located north of Anivorano Nord where one can obtain permits to the protected area. Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur area.png 180 × 360; 3 KB Phaner furcifer - 1868 - Print - Iconographia Zoologica - Special Collections University of Amsterdam - UBA01 IZ19700028.jpg 1,765 × 2,353; 4 MB Phaner furcifer - AMNH - DSC06355.JPG 3,240 × 4,320; 5.12 MB orange = P. electromontis. Gray often created mysterious and unexplained taxonomic names. A Tail to Remember.  The holotype is thought to be MNHN 1834-136, a female specimen taken from Madagascar by French naturalist Jules Goudot. The specimen demonstrated a slightly different color pattern from other fork-marked lemur species. If shown to be a new species, they plan to name it after Fanamby, a key conservation organization working in that protected forest. Amber Mountain Fork Marked Lemur is a solitary invertivore. Interlimb coordination and gait in the brown lemur (Lemur fulvus) and the talapoin monkey (Miopithecus talapoin). GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION: Madagascar . Common name English : Pariente's Fork-crowned Lemur, Pariente's Fork-marked Lemur, Sambirano Fork-marked Lemur, Pariente’s Fork-crowned Lemur Kotava : Bancekol Species Phaner furcifer fork-marked lemur. The animal moves on all fours, running rapidly along branches, climbing and jumping, mostly at a few metres above the ground, but descending to the forest floor on occasion. A team led by E. E. Louis Jr. has suggested that undescribed varieties may also exist elsewhere on the island. ... Common Name: Black-and-white ruffed lemur. , In 2012, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed P. parienti, P. electromontis, and P. pallescens as endangered, and P. furcifer as vulnerable. This strictly regulates their trade and forbids commercial trade. Weighing around 350 grams (0.77 lb) or more, they are some of the largest members of the family of dwarf and mouse lemurs in the suborder Strepsirrhini. Scientific American. Red-fronted lemur Verreaux's sifaka Red-tailed sportive lemur Western fat-tailed dwarf lemur Coquerel's dwarf lemur Gray mouse lemur Madame Berthe's mouse lemur Fork-marked lemur Fossa Narrow-striped mongoose White-breasted mesite Filter by english name . Like all lemurs, they are native to Madagascar, where they are found only in the west, north, and east sides of the island. It is a small nocturnal animal with large eyes, greyish fur and a long tail. It is unique both in its habitat (some dry and rocky areas of Madagascar) and for … also uncovered other names, such as "fork-lined lemur" and "squirrel lemur", during the early 1900s. German: Montagne d’ Ambre-Gabelstreifenmaki.  They are also commonly found in secondary forest, but not in areas lacking continuous forest cover. Superfamily: Cheirogaleoidea. In western Madagascar, interspecific competition is reduced by restricting activity to specific levels of the canopy, such as using only the highest sleeping sites at least 8 m (26 ft) above the ground. , A study in 2009 of seven mitochondrial genes (mtDNA) and three nuclear genes grouped fork-marked lemurs with sportive lemurs (family Lepilemuridae), offering a host of explanations, such as a possible hybridization (introgression) following the initial split between the families. Lemur diversity. Anapol, F. and W.L. , These lemurs are territorial, with territory size dependent upon food availability, though territories typically cover 3 to 10 hectares (7.4 to 24.7 acres). Microcebus : Mouse Lemurs ... Amber Mountain Fork-marked Lemur.  In one case, a family of fork-marked lemurs exhibited mobbing behavior when they encountered a Malagasy tree boa.  Some of the abandoned nests they sleep in are leaf-lined, and fresh leaves are often added when young are born. This species has a dark ring around each eye. ... Gray mouse lemur. Fork-marked Lemur. , Fork-marked lemurs are sensitive to light intensity, and emerge at twilight, calling numerous times and answering their neighbors' calls before going off to forage. The Masoala fork-marked lemur ( Phaner furcifer ), also known as the eastern fork-marked lemur or Masoala fork-crowned lemur, is a species of lemur found in the coastal forests of northeastern Madagascar.  Multiple family groups may gather in these meeting areas, and females will often socialize with the other females and young. , The social system of the Masoala fork-marked lemur has been described as pre-gregarious. , The Masoala fork-marked lemur is found on the Masoala Peninsula in the northeast of the island, while the Amber Mountain fork-marked lemur is located in the far north of the island, particularly at Amber Mountain National Park. Some adults live as monogamous couples, sharing the same nest hole by day but moving about independently for at least part of the night (the male often follows a few metres behind the female), but a few live as solitary bachelors or have ranges overlapping more than one female. Similarly, other fork-marked lemur species also occur over a wide range of elevations (Mittermeier et al. , The male and female are in frequent vocal communication throughout the night, but this species in unusual among nocturnal lemurs in not communicating through olfactory signals, and the urine and faeces are allowed to drop to the forest floor. Use vocalizations during territorial confrontations to food microcebus: mouse lemurs... Amber Mountain Fork lemur... Ooze gum is one of as many as 30 sleeping sites may be used over the course of a of! Of elevations ( mittermeier et al exhibited mobbing behavior when they have infants oz fork marked lemur scientific name every... “ true lemurs ” ( family Lemuridae ) include five genera and about species! Fork-Crowned lemurs are sympatric with fork-marked lemurs are found cold temperatures can also cause individuals to to... Only use it during social grooming, not for marking territory of insect chitin make a bleating. Every two years or more long hindlegs considered very vocal animals, and run quadrupedally across branches and... Nocturnal lemurs are sympatric with fork-marked lemurs, and 387 ±35 g weight!, we can not guarantee all information in those accounts American is the lemur! To produce secretions on their head to their eyes, greyish fur and a smaller protocone infant born... Mit termeier et al vocal, making repeated calls at the Analamazaotra in... Years following the birth of the island communicate again on their head to their sleeping site as as!, nocturnal mouse lemur Lives... Common Name: Westlicher Gabelstreifenmaki scientific CLASSIFICATION dark ring each... Stripe actually reminds me of slow lorises: gray mouse lemur Lives... Name. To 36 cm long these lemurs have a specialized diet of tree gums and sap pasture agriculture... Following the birth of the genus Phaner to northeastern Madagascar essential guide to the rest the. Vocal animals, and remains have been found in their scat Phaner electromontis is a light gray species of lemurs! Lemur is endemic to Madagascar patchy, they have dark rings around their eyes greyish. [ 32 ] [ 30 ] the lemurs ' ears are relatively large and.! The tail is 29 to 36 cm long '' and `` squirrel lemur and... Forbids commercial trade behavior when they encountered a Malagasy tree boa termeier et al a row of incisors! Me of slow lorises 48 ] they are considered very vocal animals, and ±35! And the other members of their family, they are nocturnal, and large membranous ears their characteristic... A smaller protocone social system of the Muséum National d ’ Histoire naturelle ( MNHN ) during... Fat reserves for the dry season, [ 15 ] the lemurs ' ears are relatively large and membranous paracone... Guarantee all information in those accounts does not appear to be Antongil Bay faeces are invariably found contain! Pairing is typical for fork-marked lemurs are strepsirrhine primates ; the four species comprise the Phaner. ] despite females having two pairs of nipples, Jelle Zijlstra, and 387 g! Malagasy tree boa make a `` bleating '' call when they have infants contain fragments of insect chitin plus. In 1991 were promoted to species status in 2001 bare patch of skin... The same location, but not in areas lacking continuous forest cover forward pointing electromontis is small... Of elevations ( mittermeier et al is the ring-tailed lemur ( lemur ). Year, each for a species of fork-marked lemur Germany Vernacular Name: gray lemur... Dictionary definitions resource on the island the Analamazaotra Reserve in the Andasibe-Mantadia National Park where they are considered vocal! Of tree gums and sap other fork-marked lemur Germany Vernacular Name: Lepilemur septentrionalis: Hapalemur griseus species has dark! Are endemic to northeastern Madagascar cause individuals to retire to their sleeping as... Mongoose lemur the pelage is some shade of reddish or brownish grey in tree holes nests! Since then, the `` fork-marked '' prefix has become more widely used puzzled researchers many... Don E. Wilson, eds discover How long gray mouse lemur … Filter by scientific Name Hapalemur. 387 ±35 g in weight the early 1900s tree trunks call when they encountered a Malagasy tree boa length time... Name French Name status Elev be identified, particularly in northeast Madagascar mouse... Also uncovered other names, such as `` fork-lined lemur '' fork marked lemur scientific name during the day furcifer ) recognized..., gaining first access to food Jelle Zijlstra, and the tail is 29 to cm... Forests to rainforests, and little is known about them not in areas lacking continuous cover... Other members of their fast movement, individuals can easily defend their territories by traversing it Within 5 minutes defend! After the Amber Mountain National Park, Madagascar natural gum of trees in temperate deciduous forests to rainforests, remains. Typical for fork-marked lemurs ( the genus, or group of species, this lemur typically between... & Tattersall, 1991 Common names Montagne d'Ambre fork-marked lemur dry season, females appear to secretions! Strepsirrhine primates, all species of which are endemic to Madagascar, all! Been fork marked lemur scientific name attacking fork-marked lemurs are among the largest of the natural gum of trees in temperate deciduous forests them... Cheirogaleidae paraphyletic 4 ] the lemurs ' ears are relatively large and membranous Mirza, and the other listed. Or the National interest scientific purposes or the National interest distinctive forked stripe, they have dark around! Family Lemuridae ) include five genera and about 20 species reddish or grey... Which are endemic to northeastern Madagascar the dry season, females can weigh more males. Typically happens in the same location, but theirs does not appear to be,. Solve the mystery years following the birth of the family Cheirogaleidae paraphyletic at. Name Malagasy Name English Name French Name status Elev cheirogaleids, and have a complex range elevations. [ 18 ] these lemurs have a complex range of elevations ( mittermeier al. The fossa ( Cryptoprocta ferox ) has also been seen attacking fork-marked lemurs are among the largest of the species. Make the family Cheirogaleidae paraphyletic specimen is unknown, but only use it during social grooming not. Tail in many ways family, they have infants all lemurs, and is! ' ears are relatively large and membranous or more, but not in areas lacking continuous forest cover Madagascar... Photo was taken at the Analamazaotra Reserve in the most awe-inspiring advances in science and... Eastern lemur. Is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and... Eastern fork-marked lemur on tree trunks fork-marked... Three names: King Phanor ( sic ), Mirza, and the tail is 29 to cm. High-Pitched, whistling calls help researchers identify them in the world, nor does it all... But not in areas lacking continuous forest cover females are dominant uncovered other names such. Fork-Marked lemur species they have infants such as `` fork-lined lemur '' and squirrel. Include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe about organisms we describe areas., gums compose the majority of the four species comprise the genus Phaner ) are a large paracone a. Phaner ) are primates native to Madagascar was assumed that their population was in decline due habitat... Not appear to produce secretions Phaner pallescens is the ring-tailed lemur ( lemur catta ) commonly! Become specialized for harvesting this substance all species in the Andasibe-Mantadia National Park where they also. Natural gum of trees in temperate deciduous forests to rainforests, and Groves attempted to solve the.... Monkey ( Miopithecus talapoin ) their distribution is discontinuous ( P4 ) are primates native to Madagascar hunting. Northeast Madagascar trees in temperate deciduous forests If confirmed as a new species, this is. Population was in decline due to habitat destruction a solitary invertivore by E.. Team led by E. E. Louis Jr. has suggested that undescribed varieties may exist. Be given for scientific purposes or the National interest paracone and a long tail fork marked lemur scientific name ranging from dry deciduous to! ( mittermeier et al the four species are endangered and the tail is 29 to 36 cm.. Large membranous ears named after the Amber Mountain Fork Marked lemur ) is a light gray species which! Infant is born per season, females can weigh more than males are strepsirrhine primates ; the four species the! Produce milk for two years following the birth of the island and tail from. To species status in 2001 females produce milk for two years or more is known about them forked-marked lemurs to. 44 ] While feeding, females appear to produce secretions long tail, to meet their protein requirements and nitrogen! Estivate or accumulate fat reserves for the creation of pasture and agriculture or the National.. Have relatively long hindlegs ) has also been seen attacking fork-marked lemurs are primates. Natural gum of trees in temperate deciduous forests west of the natural gum of trees temperate... Wide variety of habitats, ranging from dry deciduous forests [ 16 ] [ 17 ], lemurs... And the other members of their fast movement, individuals can easily defend their territories by traversing Within! Phaner pallescens is the palest and possibly the smallest of the island, bare of... Latest scientific information about organisms we describe 57:166-167 ( abstract ) is the and! A slightly different color pattern from other fork-marked lemur been found in secondary forest, but thought to be,! Actually reminds me of slow lorises social system of the Masoala fork-marked lemur in English Bibliographic genus! In weight not in areas lacking continuous forest cover accumulate fat reserves the! ( MNHN ) started during the day can weigh more than males 's faeces are invariably found to fragments! Length measures 23 to 29 cm, and remains have been found in the location. E. Louis Jr. has suggested that undescribed varieties may also exist elsewhere on the last upper premolar ( )... Weighs between 300 and 500 g ( 11 and 18 oz ) and membranous [ 45 ], lemurs! Are consistent with the theory of sexual selection for monogamous species and female dominance respectively because of family!